In the end, I don't think he fully understood the movie and what I was trying to do. The film was one of the first films to link genres together to invent a new, high-concept genre for filmmakers to build upon. This was written with the GRASS programming language, exported to a Vector General monitor and filmed on 35 mm to be rear-projected on the set. Star Wars won six competitive Academy Awards at the 50th Academy Awards: Best Art Direction, Best Costume Design, Best Film Editing, Best Original Score, Best Sound and Best Visual Effects. [151][152][c], The retronymic inclusion of subtitles brought the film into line with the introduction to its sequel, The Empire Strikes Back, which was reconcieved during rewrites as "Episode V" and eventually released as such in 1980. Arrakis is the only known source of a longevity spice; Star Wars makes references to spice in "the spice mines of Kessel", and a spice freighter. The film's success led to two critically and commercially successful sequels, The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and Return of the Jedi (1983), and later to a prequel trilogy, a sequel trilogy, two anthology films and various spin-off TV series. It received ten Oscar nominations (including Best Picture), winning seven. [73][75], George Lucas recruited many conceptual designers, including Colin Cantwell, who worked on 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), to conceptualize the initial spacecraft models; Alex Tavoularis to create the preliminary conceptual storyboard sketches of early scripts; and Ralph McQuarrie to visualize the characters, costumes, props and scenery. While in Hawaii, it was not until he watched Walter Cronkite discuss the gigantic crowds for Star Wars on the CBS Evening News that Lucas realized he had become very wealthy. "[77], Taylor said that Lucas, who was consumed by the details of the complicated production, "avoided all meetings and contact with me from day one, so I read the extra-long script many times and made my own decisions as to how I would shoot the picture." [77] Despite Lucas's efforts, his crew had little interest in the film. [7], Other actors include Phil Brown and Shelagh Fraser as Luke's Uncle Owen and Aunt Beru; Jack Purvis, Kenny Baker's partner in his London comedy act, as the Chief Jawa in the film; and Eddie Byrne as Vanden Willard, a Rebel general. [86] Kurtz then researched all American, North African, and Middle Eastern deserts, and found Tunisia, near the Sahara desert, as the ideal location. Lucas also wanted the spaceships to look "cobbled together, as opposed to a sleek monoshape. And Gil would say, 'No, I won't do that, I've lit it the way I think it should be—tell me what's the effect that you want, and I'll make a judgment about what to do with my lights. [205], The release of the Special Edition in 1997 was the highest-grossing reissue of all-time with a gross of $138.3 million, bringing its total gross in the United States and Canada to $460,998,007, reclaiming the all-time number one spot. ‘Star Wars’ is a Metaphor for the Vietcong Kicking American Ass in the Vietnam War? "[48] Kurtz said, "Although Star Wars wasn't like [then-current science fiction] at all, it was just sort of lumped into that same kind of category. [204] The film remained the highest-grossing film of all time until E.T. [32][35] He drew inspiration from politics of the era, later saying, “It was really about the Vietnam War, and that was the period where Nixon was trying to run for a [second] term. "[231] In a more critical review, Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader stated, "None of these characters has any depth, and they're all treated like the fanciful props and settings. New York Magazine compiled this video to illustrate the problem that Leia, as great as she is, is the only significant female character in the original Star Wars films. In 1989, it became one of the first 25 films that was selected by the U.S. Library of Congress for preservation in the National Film Registry for being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". [92], After two and a half weeks of filming in Tunisia,[91] production moved to Elstree Studios, near London. [135][7] At that time Star Wars was playing in 1,096 theaters in the United States. [170][171] The soundtrack was added to the United States National Recording Registry 15 years later (in 2004). Star Wars: A New Hope: 6 stories in 1, Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope - Trailer. Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope, originally released as Star Wars, and currently marketed as simply Star Wars: A New Hope[4] is a 1977 film written and directed by George Lucas. '"[78], Lucas described a "used future" concept to the production designers in which all devices, ships, and buildings to do with Tatooine or the Rebels looked aged and dirty,[7][79][80] as opposed to the sleeker designs of the Empire. [7][21] Lucas envisioned the Corellian smuggler, Han Solo, as a large, green-skinned monster with gills. Luke learns that his father fought alongside Obi-Wan as a Jedi Knight during the Clone Wars until Vader, Obi-Wan's former pupil, turned to the dark side of the Force and murdered him. "[120] Frank Herbert reported that "David Lynch, [director of the 1984 film Dune] had trouble with the fact that Star Wars used up so much of Dune." [89] He also could not see through his costume's eyes, which was covered with gold to prevent corrosion. Jules Verne had got pretty close, I suppose, but he never had a hero battling against space creatures or having adventures on another planet. Ladd reluctantly agreed to release an extra $20,000 funding and in early 1977 second unit filming completed a number of sequences including exterior desert shots for Tatooine in Death Valley and China Lake Acres in California, and exterior Yavin jungle shots in Guatemala, along with additional studio footage to complete the Mos Eisley Cantina sequence. "[41][42], Lucas began writing in January 1973, "eight hours a day, five days a week",[32] by taking small notes, inventing odd names and assigning them possible characterizations. For a sampling of the reviews, read the following: Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace, second-highest-grossing film in North America, fourth-highest-grossing film in the world, Empire of Dreams: The Story of the Star Wars Trilogy, Special Achievement for Sound Effects Editing, Best Album of Original Score for a Motion Picture or Television Program, AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition), Best in Film: The Greatest Movies of Our Time, Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker, List of films featuring extraterrestrials, "Behold, the 1977 budget breakdown for Star Wars", "ENTERTAINMENT: Film Registry Picks First 25 Movies", "Complete National Film Registry Listing - Film Registry - National Film Preservation Board - Programs at the Library of Congress", "Imagine That: Sly Stallone Auditioned for Han Solo", "Bill Murray and the Roles That Got Away", "Is it true about Burt Reynolds and Han Solo? [7] Jay West of the Los Angeles Times said that the boxes in the campaign "became the most coveted empty box[es] in the history of retail. The release was met with criticism as the unaltered versions were from the 1993 non-anamorphic LaserDisc masters and were not re-transferred using modern video standards. Before the Falcon can reach Alderaan, Death Star commander Grand Moff Tarkin interrogates Leia about the location of the Rebels's secret base, with the threat of destroying her home planet, and, when she answers that the base is on Dantooine, he orders Alderaan destroyed simply as a show of force. A closer look at Star Wars: A New Hope reveals themes that demonstrate how relevant the 1977 masterpiece remains, and helps collective audiences embrace how fresh this story still is today. After McQuarrie's drawings for Lucas's colleagues Hal Barwood and Matthew Robbins (who were collaborating for a film) caught his interest, Lucas met with McQuarrie to discuss his plans for the untitled space fantasy film he wanted to make. "[219] The Daily Telegraph's science correspondent Adrian Berry said that Star Wars "is the best such film since 2001 and in certain respects it is one of the most exciting ever made." "[155] In 2014, Kurtz recalled they had toyed with the idea "of calling it Episode III, IV, or V."[156][d] Hamill recalls having asked Lucas "Why are we doing episode four?" Step 2: Assign the Archetypes. [145] This difference was later settled by 20th Century-Fox executives, who backed Taylor's suggestion. Fox released A New Hope for digital download on April 10, 2015. However, a few of Williams' eventual pieces were influenced by the temp track: the "Main Title Theme" was inspired by the theme from the 1942 film Kings Row, scored by Erich Wolfgang Korngold;[114] and the track "Dune Sea of Tatooine" drew from the soundtrack of Bicycle Thieves, scored by Alessandro Cicognini. Most of the crew considered the project a "children's film", rarely took their work seriously, and often found it unintentionally humorous. [7][89], During production, the cast attempted to make Lucas laugh or smile, as he often appeared depressed. In 2004, its soundtrack was added to the U.S. National Recording Registry, and was additionally listed by the American Film Institute as the best movie score of all time a year later. Each of the subsequent films of the Star Wars saga has appeared on the magazine's cover. Help us. "[294] In 2012, the Star Wars action figures were inducted into the National Toy Hall of Fame. 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