Apartheid affected nonwhites by lowering their education standards, dictating where they lived and who they could marry, and by removing their citizenship from South Africa along with the right to vote. In our process of transformation, we were supposed to move away from the Apartheid mentality. Schools do not just teach but shape and form the attitudes of its learners and should therefore be used as a mechanism to blur the cultural and racial boundaries. HIV/Aids has had damaging effects on all aspects of society, however, this paper will be focusing solely on the impact on HIV on South Africa’s education. This is likely to be effective in many ways. South Africa - South Africa - Cultural life: Blending Western technology with indigenous technology, Western traditions with African and Asian traditions, South Africa is a study in contrasts. This separation was legislated under apartheid, but post-apartheid South Africa has struggled to bridge the divide. taid”) was a system of practices and policies to racially segregate South Africans and South West Africans (today, Namibia).Apartheid translates to “apartness” in Afrikaans, the primary language in South Africa.Beginning in 1948 and continuing to 1990, Apartheid policies were targeted at non-white South Africans. The policy recommendations proposed above are in light of the identified challenges of the policy framework for education in South Africa. In 1982, the Apartheid government of South Africa spent an average of R1,211 on education for each white child (approximately $65.24 USD) and only R146 for each black child (approximately $7.87 USD). 1994 marked the end of the apartheid era and South Africa’s ANC-lead government was faced with the complex task of reversing the damages done by this powerful legacy. The focal point of this essay however, will be on the effects that the apartheid era in education that the South African government is still struggling to reverse today, sixteen years after the end of apartheid. government of South Africa. In addition, the monetary requirements of some of the suggested policies deem it near impossible for the South African national budget to accommodate. Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. Poor quality education produces poor results. This has not only lead to the further exclusion of the less fortunate but compromises the quality of education due to the limiting budgetary constraints. Although Apartheid ended 20 years ago, recovery from its systematic racial discrimination is a difficult and on-going process. Like every other aspect in South Africa at the time, the education sector was racially divided with white population attending the best quality education and the black population receiving a separate poor quality education. Many children are forced to drop out of school for Aids-related reasons such as, poor health, to nurse infected parents, to generate income on behalf of ill parents and high poverty levels due to HIV parents being unable to generate an income for health reasons. HIV/Aids has also had a hindering effect on the quality of teaching in areas with a high infection rate, “it is reducing the supply of qualified teachers and may disrupt schooling for a whole generation of children.” (Carr-Hill, 2002: 12). The numerous student protests in the 1970s By the late 1980s, however, South Africa’s economy was in a deep recession and large segments of the country were becoming ungovernable. There was an unequal distribution of resources with a highly offensive syllabus. The apartheid era systemically subjected the non-white population to a different and poorer quality of education from the white population. Moving South Africa past its apartheid culture has not been easy. The increase in the quality of free education, provision of free preventive AIDS treatment and medication, establishment of a competent local government all require an increase in government spending. Anti-apartheid protesters in South Africa … The End of Apartheid. The Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) immediately identified targets such as a curriculum change for all, the introduction of a compulsory ten years of schooling for all, a maximum of forty students per classroom and an increase in buildings and resources amongst other goals. South Africa is in the news,and Christians are called upon to explain the relationship between Christianityand apartheid. Interviews Overcoming Apartheid compiled 40 hours of interviews with 60 people involved in the anti-apartheid struggle. Christianity is the dominant religion in South Africa, with almost 80% of the population in 2001 professing to be Christian.No single denomination predominates, with mainstream Protestant churches, Pentecostal churches, African initiated churches, and the Catholic Church all having significant numbers of adherents. The consequences of poverty, racism and violence have resulted in psychological disorders, and a generation of maladjusted children may be the result. “87 per cent attend at the secondary level and only 20 per cent at the tertiary level” (Ramdass, 2002: 9). (Department of Education, 2009).”Children who have lost one or both of their parents are more likely to be removed from school, to stay at home and care for the sick.” (Carr-Hill, 2002: 17). Under the apartheid regime, with its commitment to Christian National Education (Chidester 2006:15), a narrow set of religious interests captured religious education. Art in the state of siege . Education in South Africa. The Sharpeville Massacre was one of the most important turning points in the history of South Africa. These land acts vested control of over 80 percent of lands in South Africa to whites, who were by number the minority group in South Africa. The country still wrestles with significant racial issues. Today Hindus can look back at apartheid's impact upon their lives and religion and consider the future's promises and perils. The international trade and travel sanctions so long in place against South Africa by other countries, including India, were lifted. How are Christians to respond? Further still, many are forced to work within the informal sector with limited if at all any education. In addition to this, government should fund and enforce campaigns that increase the awareness, particularly in the rural areas, of the benefits of gaining an education.
how apartheid affected education and religion in south africa 2021