[93] Terence McKenna claimed that the universe has a teleological attractor at the end of time that increases interconnectedness. (2 8 * 3 4 * 5 2 * 7). This group held a parallel ceremony, and complained that the date has been used for commercial gain. At the end of the 20th century and beginning of the 21st, the Sun's March equinox position was in the constellation Pisces moving back into Aquarius. The number of leap days, keeping in mind that the year 600 is not a leap year, is 10. [d] This is referred to as a "correlation constant". [64] Furthermore, since the Sun is half a degree wide, its solstice position takes 36 years to precess its full width. [74], Ring number     (12)   13 Imix 9 Wo ( before (13) From this number, subtract the nearest smaller Julian Day Number (in the table below), in this case 1 940 206, which corresponds to the year 600 CE. Using the third method it should have a moon age of 26 days when in fact it records a new moon. Maya inscriptions occasionally reference future predicted events or commemorations that would occur on dates that lie beyond 2012 (that is, beyond the completion of the 13th bʼakʼtun of the current era). More recently, with the discovery in Guatemala of the San Bartolo (Maya site) stone block text (c. 300 BCE),[14] it has been argued that this text celebrates an upcoming time period ending celebration. [162] The main ceremony in Chichén Itzá was held at dawn in the plaza of the Temple of Kukulkán, one of the principal symbols of Maya culture. [31], Astronomical: Any correct correlation must match the astronomical content of classic inscriptions. [32] For example: An inscription at the Temple of the Sun at Palenque records that on Long Count there were 26 days completed in a 30 day lunation. [22][2] This means that the fourth world reached the end of its 13th bʼakʼtun, or Maya date, on 21 December 2012. For example, he writes, “... the Maya were not speaking of the end of the world, as such, but rather the end of an age—‘a time of great transformation and world rebirth’—that would be followed by the beginning of a new great cycle or world age”.[174]. When Jupiter is near opposition, the difference in gravitational force that the Earth experiences is less than 1% of the force that the Earth feels daily from the Moon. The President of Guatemala, Otto Pérez, and of Costa Rica, Laura Chinchilla, participated in the event as special guests. [179], In cinema, the 2009 disaster film 2012 was inspired by the phenomenon, and advance promotion prior to its release included a stealth marketing campaign in which TV spots and websites from the fictional "Institute for Human Continuity" called on people to prepare for the end of the world. [4][158] Mexico is visited by about 22 million foreigners in a typical year. For example, a Late Classic monument from Coba, Stela 1. Using the GMT correlation, the current creation started on September 6, −3113 (Julian astronomical) – August 11, 3114 BCE in the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.   9 Ikʼ 5 Mol   (seating of GI in the prior era) (using GMT correlation). Astronomical years before 0 are written with a negative sign. [43] Using the GMT correlation at six AM in time zone −6, this would be 2.25 days before conjunction, so it could record the first day when one could not see the waning moon. Contains spoilers for Tenet from the start. The Maya were looking for a guarantee that nothing would change. [51][52] Archaeoastronomer Anthony Aveni says that while the idea of "balancing the cosmos" was prominent in ancient Maya literature, the 2012 phenomenon did not draw from those traditions. The following COUNTIF function gives the exact same result. Dates converted using the GMT correlation agree closely with the Dresden Codex eclipse tables. [54] Aveni, who has studied New Age and search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) communities, describes 2012 narratives as the product of a "disconnected" society: "Unable to find spiritual answers to life's big questions within ourselves, we turn outward to imagined entities that lie far off in space or time—entities that just might be in possession of superior knowledge. distance number (0) Thank you so much for your amazing encouragements and support rooting me on! Classifications Library of Congress CPB Box no. Additionally, over time, the Sun's annual cycle appears to recede very slowly backward by one degree every 72 years, or by one constellation approximately every 2,160 years. The combination of a Haabʼ and a Tzolkʼin date identifies a day in a combination which does not occur again for 18,980 days (52 Haabʼ cycles of 365 days equals 73 Tzolkʼin cycles of 260 days, approximately 52 years), a period known as the Calendar Round. She is the eldest and the most powerful of the Intoners. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! It is equivalent to the {0,} quantifier. Another occurred on December 20, 2012 (Gregorian Calendar), followed by the start of the 14th bʼakʼtun,, on December 21, 2012. The Long Count is not pure base-20, however, since the second digit from the right (and only that digit) rolls over to zero when it reaches 18. It's Future Pop for the disenchanted. [25] In contrast, later researchers said that, while the end of the 13th bʼakʼtun would perhaps be a cause for celebration,[8] it did not mark the end of the calendar. There are also four rarely used higher-order periods above the bʼakʼtun: piktun, kalabtun, kʼinchiltun and alautun. ", "Questions Show: Alignment with the Galactic Plane, Destruction from Venus, and the Death of the Solar System", "Good astronomy: Planetary alignments have relatively little to do with earthquakes", "Solar Maximum: Three Solar Flares And A Coronal Mass Ejection As The Sun Reaches Peak Solar Activity", "Near Miss: The Solar Superstorm of July 2012", "Video (04:03) – Carrington-class coronal mass ejection narrowly misses Earth", "The Myth of Nibiru and the End of the World in 2012", "Is the earth about to enter the Photon Belt, causing the end of life as we know it? De Landa records a date that is a Tun ending in the Short Count. yeʼni/ye꞉n bolon yokte' Various sources place this on other dates, notably on December 23. During the event, Morales proclaimed the beginning of "Pachakuti", meaning the world's wake up to a culture of life and the beginning of the end to wild capitalism, and he proposed to dismantle the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. EMBED. [119][120], Some believers in a 2012 doomsday claimed that a planet called Planet X, or Nibiru, would collide with or pass by the Earth. [b] The text then continues with whatever activity occurred on that date. To identify days over periods longer than this, Mesoamericans used the Long Count calendar. water bottle, then shake until mixed New (11) from $11.99 & FREE Shipping on orders over $25.00 Modern astronomers refer to the conjunction of the Sun and Moon (the time when the Sun and Moon have the same ecliptic longitude) as the new moon. The first example below is from Schele (1987). [148] When asked when the world would end in a press conference, Russian President Vladimir Putin said, "In about 4.5 billion years. Video developed by TheFurrow OVERVIEW. [126], The 2012 date was also loosely tied to the long-running concept of the Photon Belt, which predicted a form of interaction between Earth and Alcyone, the largest star of the Pleiades cluster. Thus, If a zero is found between significant digits, it is significant. ... 2030, and to celebrate the start of the 204th decade when the New Year Countdown reaches zero at midnight on January 1, 2031! The phenomenon also inspired several rock and pop music hits. To clarify, there are Long Count inscriptions which refer to dates earlier than the 1st century BCE, but these were carved much later in a retrospective fashion. [106] However, this "alignment" takes place over tens of millions of years, and could never be timed to an exact date. December 2012 marked the conclusion of a bʼakʼtun—a time period in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used in Central America prior to the arrival of Europeans. [27][90] It is possible that only the earliest among Mesoamericans observed solstices,[91] but this is also a disputed issue among Mayanists. 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